Hardy mums fill autumn scenery with the classic colors of the season. Weekly feeding with a diluted water-soluble fertilizer can prolong the blooming. All Rights Reserved. The most straightforward and fastest method is through division. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: All those temperature swings can stress the plants, and even heave them right out of the ground, so the more you can protect them from this, the better. From late spring to mid-summer, pinch back the tips and flower buds on all shoots to make the plant bushier and prepare it for a dramatic fall show. They like a soil pH slightly on the acidic side. However, they can still die if they aren't given the proper care, maintenance and winter preparations. If you want to gamble with grocery store mums of unknown hardiness— and why not if you have room to … These flowers can handle several soil types, but they do best in rich soil that has sharp drainage. Planting these specimens in the garden in late summer or early fall does not guarantee sufficient time for the plants to become established. Once planted, water and feed as you would other mums in your garden. They are excellent companions to other fall flowering perennials, such as salvias, asters, swamp sunflowers, Japanese anemones, sedums, and goldenrods. Search. Your kitty deserves a name as special as she is. Some signs include leaf and stem damage, webbing on the plants, and visible insects. The roots have taken up the entire pot, which makes it really hard for the soil to retain any water. Once planted, water once a week through fall. Close X. After temperatures remain above freezing, use sharp pruners to cut off last year’s stems at soil level. Mums have a better chance of surviving if you wait to prune old stems until spring. Igloo mum series of hardy perennials have hundreds of blooms early summer-autumn. Cut-flower chrysanthemums, like spider mums or football mums, are perennials in Zones 5 to 9, and these types are becoming easier to find for sale online. Each product we feature has been independently selected and reviewed by our editorial team. Established plants should be lifted and divided every two to three years. For those who already own these tools, this list may finally provide the motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish. Bloom times vary with variety and climate from early September through mid-October. Fill the bottom of the new pot with good quality potting soil. Chrysanthemums are usually talked about in two groups Hardy Garden mums and Exhibition mums. When garden centers sell blooming potted mums in the fall, they are usually used as annuals and discarded when the blooms fade. Even though you'll start seeing mums in garden centers in late summer, if you plant them at that time of year or later, it's unlikely they'll survive the winter. This variety is ideal for USDA 5-10. this website. They are not annuals, but in cold zones some are considered tender or half hardy perennials, and will not return the following season. August 7, 2011; Larry Hurley; Perennials; 0 Comments; Everyone is familiar with the garden mum; we sell tens of thousands of them every fall. On the plus side, mums contain a toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insect repellent. And when gardeners try to transplant these mums into the ground late in the season, chances are they won't make it through winter and become perennial. Remove mulch around plants and add a little 10-10-10 fertilizer or a big helping of compost to fuel new growth. Break up any roots you can, but do not damage the roots. Mums set buds in response to day length, so avoid confusing them by planting where they might be exposed to bright nighttime light from a patio or window or even a streetlight. First, cut off the stems at pot level, then place the pots in a cool dark area, like a basement or unheated garage. Perennial Mums. Feed the plants before flower buds form to promote healthy roots, bud development, and a vigorous plant. Old-fashioned mums can reach heights of 24 to 36 inches but may be cut back by half in early July to reduce the height. Give them 1 inch per week during the early growing season, and then increase this to two or three times a week as the flower buds mature and the flowers begin to open. Do not prune them back after frost has turned them brown. But when planted in mixed borders, they will end your garden season with a bang. Thus, they are best planted next to early bloomers. Mums are a hardy perennial plant best planted in the spring, but mums that are sold in garden centers in the autumn are really being treated as annuals. Test Garden Tip: Local chapters of the National Chrysanthemum Society often hold spring sales where you can find interesting varieties at the best time to plant them. Work organic matter into poor or compacted soils before planting your mums. Make Hardy Mums a Part of Your Garden Year-Round. Most mums are completely root-bound when you get them. If you’re a beginner baker who’s just starting out (or a master chef looking to declutter), start with this list of baking tool must-haves. Light. Keep these beautiful fall bloomers looking their best by avoiding these no-nos. However, there are varieties that are truly perennial in most climates when planted in the early spring or in the fall several weeks before the first frost. Forming mounds of color that are used in commercial insecticides, Making a... 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